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home fuel equation changing - in a heat pump

by:HICOOL     2019-09-01
home fuel equation changing  -  in a heat pump
By CARTER B.
HORSLEYJUNE 1978 this is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
To keep these articles as they appear initially, the Times will not change, edit, or update them.
There are occasional copywriting errors or other problems during the digitization process.
Please send a report of such issues to archid_feedback @ nytimes. com.
Changes in the energy economy have opened up new options for many homeowners --
Some business users
In the metropolitan area.
Over the past few years, consumers have faced problems with falling gas supplies and rising costs of other energy sources.
The prospect is that soaring prices have actually caused the collapse of the heating system for new homes.
But now the New York State Public Service Council is relaxing many restrictions on the use of natural gas in the region.
Over the past few years, new customers have been almost completely unable to use natural gas, including major users such as restaurants, laundries and some industrial enterprises.
In addition, for the first time, the Commission has requested major power and gas utilities to provide on-site or mailed "energy audits" for residential consumers in one, two or three households ", it can be used to guarantee home improvement loans for installing energy-saving measures.
Advertising on Long Island and many single-family residential developers noted that the design of the heat pump has improved recently and has gained greater experience in various insulation technologies, and they reported that the electric heating has once again become competitive.
Although the quantity is limited, the reproduction of natural gas in the market is not uniform.
For example, Brooklyn United gas, which serves parts of Brooklyn, Staten Island and Queens, will now be able to meet almost all new gas needs.
Long Island Lighting (Lilco)
Providing services to Nassau and Suffolk and the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens will be able to add about a billion cubic feet of natural gas each year, which is expected to enable it to meet all new residential customers, if they are in the area where the gas mains serves.
But Edison Union, part of Manhattan, Bronx, Queens and Westchester County, has authorized an increase in the use of natural gas every year, currently around 70 billion cubic feet, a month or so.
5 billion cubic feet, all of which have been promised.
Utilities here are concerned not only with dealing with the natural gas needs of new customers, but also with maintaining the services of existing users, as suppliers cut deliveries even below the contract amount.
Bertram Schwartz, senior vice president of Con Ed, who is in charge of planning, said the gas condition here "has improved with the recent arrangement for more storage capacity. ”Francis T.
Smith, Lilco's residential services manager, said the company began restricting natural gas supply to new commercial users in 1971 and began restricting new homes three years later.
He said many companies are leaving Long Island for areas like New Jersey, where they are trying to encourage new industrial growth through more flexible energy policies.
There is no doubt that homeowners are more interested in the "energy audit" that the New York state residential thermal insulation and Energy Conservation Act of 1977 authorizes later this month ".
The audit aims to determine whether energy saving measures in qualified customer homes can be improved.
These measures are wind-proof windows and wind-proof doors;
Caulking and weatherproof for all exterior windows and doors;
Clock thermostat;
Insulation of ceilings, lofts, walls, floors, foundations and hot water heaters;
Modifications to the efficiency of the Furnace, such as the replacement of the burner to reduce fuel use and the modification of the flue opening, and the installation of mechanical or electronic igniters to replace the gas indicator light.
To qualify, the customer must be the owner or occupant of one, two or three family homes.
If the client is an occupant, he must have written permission from the owner to participate, not the credit risk.
The audit requires a survey of households to determine what measures need to be taken and what is the payback period
That is, the length of time it takes to save energy at the current rate is equal to the estimated cost of installing one or more energy-saving measures.
The cost of on-site inspection by the utility or its agents is $10.
The cost of a customer compilation survey handled by a utility via mail is $3.
Under the law, these audits will be made available to the poor free of charge.
On the basis of the audit, if eligible customers are willing, utilities must arrange home improvement loan financing to install appropriate energy-saving measures if the loan does not exceed seven years, if the total cost of work exceeds $200, but less than $1,500 for a separate family home, less than $2,500 for two homes, and less than $3,500 for three homes.
Interest rates are based on the overall rate of return, and the Public Service Commission allows the use of specific utilities in the case of late interest rates in an area.
The rate is 8 for Con Edison. 97 percent ;
It's 9 for the Brooklyn League. 93 percent;
It's 9 for Lilco.
83% and so on.
Utilities must respond to on-site audit requests within 30 days and also need to issue a "to-do list"it-
The "yourself" manual for this improvement, because if the building code in their area does not require licensed workers to do the job, the customer can choose to do the job on their own and still get it
Utilities need to perform a random check on all the work under the plan.
Work eligible for financing is exempt from real estate tax by 1992.
Utilities will provide a list of qualified contractors who must provide a one-year guarantee for all work and materials that they may be contractors themselves.
The standards used in the act are developed by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development for caulking, wind and rain, and heat insulation;
Provided by the National Institute of Standards for storm doors and windows, furnance ignition systems and gas heating modifications, and insurance company laboratories for oil burner modifications and clock thermostats.
In the 1973 energy crisis, households using electricity to warm up fell sharply, the ad said.
Smith of Lico: "Everyone is panicked.
In 1972, 17,910 new single-family homes were built on Long Island, creating a historical record. Of these, 7.
Electric heating is installed at 8%.
In the second year, the output of electric heating units climbed to 18 units as production reached almost the same high level. 4 percent.
But by 1976, its share fell to seven. 9 percent.
However, with the rise in the price of fuel oil and the improvement of the products by the "heat pump" manufacturers, electricity is once again welcome.
Lilco reported 11 last year.
Of the 7% newly built houses, 8,610 use electric heating;
In the first quarter of this year, this figure is 13. 8 percent.
The heat pump consists of an outdoor unit with a compressor or "pump" and a heat exchanger and an indoor unit consisting of coils, similar to the blower and filter of a heater.
The single-pipe system controlled by the wall thermostat works in the summer and winter like a traditional air conditioner, reversing its cycle.
According to "seasonal efficiency", Lilco called the efficiency of the heat pump system 200%, compared to 100% for the electric substrate, 50% for natural gas and 40% for No. 2 fuel oil.
A version of the file was printed on the New York version R1 on June 11, 1978, with the title: The family fuel equation changed.
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