rising seas threaten these pacific islands but not their culture - inside a swamp cooler

by:HICOOL     2019-08-21
rising seas threaten these pacific islands but not their culture  -  inside a swamp cooler
It was an era called itingelio, The Twilight of dawn, when the island just woke up and the cock ran out of nowhere --
The Angel tering on the bread tree talked about their love.
People drift in a daze to wash in the lagoon, splash water on their faces, then tighten the sarong and dive underwater.
The tide is as full and tight as the skin of a pregnant woman.
Outside the lagoon, the Ocean extends to the horizon.
Marawa, karawa, Tarawa sea, sky, land.
These are the ancient trinity of the people of kirizas (kee-ree-bahss), the I-Kiribati.
But the Trinity is losing balance.
Mother of the sea is the heart of Providence and is known all along.
She began to show a different face. the threatening face was the constant tide and the raging waves. I-
Kirizas now lives in the reality of the rise of Malawa.
This is the time for more than a few days of weather change in beitagin Kanos boonga, a phrase in kirimas about climate change.
People live in the fear and uncertainty of these words.
How can they not be afraid when the world keeps telling them low
Island countries like them will soon be flooded?
Their own leaders say 33 coral islands in kilibati are among the most vulnerable in the middle of the Pacific Ocean on a vast land larger than India.
They predict that the country's capital, Tarawa Atoll, will become unlivable for a generation. But many I-
The fate of the country, which has refused to regard its home as an island nation that is disappearing, has been out of their grasp.
They do not consider themselves the sunken islanders, but the descendants of travelers, the heirs of the proud tradition of endurance and survival.
They believe their paradise is far from being lost.
It must be painful.
The ocean is becoming an unwelcome intruder, eroding the coastline, infiltrating the soil, turning the wells into salty ones, killing crops and trees.
An atoll like Tarawa relies on rain-replenished fresh water to breed, which floats on the saline aquifer.
At present, sea levels rise by several millimeters a year, but may accelerate the water level of the underground salt water, thus reducing the sweet spots of fresh water.
Now we hate the sea, Henry Kaake told me when we were sitting in his kiakia, an open place
Side house on stilts for sleeping and chatting with friends.
Yes, the sea is good for us to get food, but one day it will steal our land.
Creeping abwai, an early victim of crawling salinity, is a precious food for the culture of kirimas, a feast food, and a giant swamp taro that takes more than five years to mature.
Some varieties go from one's shoulder to the ground.
Bwabwai is sensitive to the intrusion of salt water in the pits it planted and is now unavailable in many areas and may eventually disappear from island cuisine.
The government and aid agencies are helping gardeners turn to other starch crops.
In a public garden in the atoll near Tarawa island, I watched Makurita Teakin cut the leaves into coverings and spread them around the seedlings in the shallow water area
Taro rooting varieties without marsh conditions.
Nearby, another woman watered her seedlings with fish fat in a nailed jar.
The tide flowing from the vast sandy beaches of the Tarawa Lagoon reveals countless miniature sand volcanoes built by ghost crabs.
Adults and children, carrying plastic bags and buckets, poking their fingers into the sand, scratching in a rock gap with teaspoons, are used to put a little cock called koikoi and sea snakes.
The Harvester went a long way to the back edge of the water, bent down, screened and scraped off several ounces of seafood.
If they find enough chicken chickens, they may prepare them with coconut cream and cook them in the coconut shell of the smoked coconut --husk fire.
Does coconut palms provide what this tree does not provide?
Basket, broom, wood, thatch, oil, fermented toddy, soap, a dark sweet syrup called kamwaimwai.
Some call it the tree of heaven. I-
There are more than a dozen words for each stage of the fruit, from a young nut before the formation of water to an old nut with rotten meat.
Adhere to the tradition of many I-Kiribati.
When I met her, Mwairin Timon was making coconut cakes, and she sat on an old panda mat outside the lagoon edge Cottage, rolling a cluster of coconut fibers on a driftwood with her palm.
More than a year ago, she buried the coconut shell in the lagoon and marked the place with a stone.
Thousands of tides have finished their work, curing and softening the fibers.
Now, like her grandmother and the grandmother in front of her, she writs them into ropes, all the way back to the first settlers who splashed on these atoll islands on shore about 3,000 years ago.
The rain clouds darkened and crossed the lagoon, covering the island of North Tarawa on the other side of wishbone --
Shape of Tarawa Atoll.
Soon they will bring relief to this side of nantarava, where half of the people live on less than six square miles.
Although downpours may be more extreme, causing flooding, it is a kindness to expect more rainfall in the coming decades.
As underground fresh water reserves are affected by rising oceans and Tarawa, the huge demographic pressure to collect rain from the roof may offer another option.
Abaiang foreign aid provides some communities with simple systems to capture, filter, treat and store rainfall.
As long as you have fresh water, you can deal with other changes at least for a period of time.
How long, no one knows.
The tide turned around the shore like a piece of green glass, pushing the harvester to the front.
Tides are the axis of life in kirizas.
So is the movement of the sun, moon and stars, as well as the direction of wind and expansion.
In the past, if you understand these axes, you can figure out when to grow crops, when to fish, and when
The foot-arm canoe called baurua.
That's what Pacific algebra is.
Fishermen know what the favorite bait for each fish is, whether it is caught during the day or at night. The best strategy is: Hook, rope or net.
But the certainty of the world is falling apart.
Once reliable fishing sites now have empty lines and nets.
It is believed that the warm ocean will bring some fish to the cool waters.
The coral reefs are suffering, too, and worse yet.
As the oceans warm and acidic throughout the century, it is expected that the growth of coral reefs will slow or even stop.
When the coral is under pressure, symbiotic algae will be discharged, which will bring color and nutrition to them, which has happened every ten years or so.
But this is becoming more and more frequent and may eventually happen once a year, threatening the survival of coral and darkening the refrigerated rainbow.
Where the rocks will go, the islands will follow.
The atoll relies on the deposits of corals and other marine life, which are usually dumped on shore by storms to keep their heads on the surface of the water.
They are like construction sites: the building will stop if the materials are used up.
A dead reef cannot support the island it built.
What kind of world is this, and the ocean consumes its own creation? To many I-
It seems very unfair that the climate problem in their country is not caused by itself in kirimas.
Since the leaders of the 1980 Pacific region accused, coaxed, pleaded, and tried to humiliate the main carbon emissions
Climate change is polluting countries.
Teburoro Tito, the former president of kirizas, announced that the islands are ants and the industrialized countries are elephants, and he talked about his country's small contribution to the carbon burden on the Earth.
One aspect of the disregard of the rich world is particularly difficult for me --
The stomach of kirimas.
They pay special attention to respecting borders.
Traditionally, you never take coconuts from your tree.
You won't even fire the dead breadfruit leaves without asking.
Coral reefs also have borders.
People know where they have the right to harvest.
These agreements are still in compliance today.
When I joined the fishermen's tour from Tarawa to abaang, the clouds were blue on such a calm day
Showing a green belly from the reflection of the sea, the captain stopped the outboard motor on a certain reef, and one of the crew reached out
The involvement of pandanas cigarettes into the sea, as a sacrifice, is also a respect for the owners of the territories we cross.
When you travel to another island for the first time, before you do anything else, you will announce your arrival at this place by visiting a sacred website.
You give away cigarettes or a few coins, and the admin picks up the wet sand, shoots it on your cheek and ties a roll of green vines to your head.
After this ceremony in abaang, the caretaker of the shrine told me that you belong to the island now.
What do rich countries know about respecting borders?
I imagine a mass of greenhouse gas drifting from the horizon towards Tarawa, like a radioactive explosion of nuclear weapons in the kiribatti islands after World War II.
It doesn't look so different: radiation in the 20 th century, climate radiation in the 21 th century.
The feeling of injustice is prevalent on the atoll, which is most likely to be affected by sea level rise: kirimas, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Cayman Islands and tuvalua.
Former Prime Minister safatu soboaga of Tuvaluan compared the effects of climate change with the slow and insidious form of terrorism against us.
Even so, some of me
Kirimas objected to the victim's remarks and the suggestion that the Pacific countries could not do anything about it.
Toka lacobu, who works for the Tarawa travel agency, told me that we are not victims.
We can do something.
We will not be a failed nation.
But can you blame politicians, including President kenutt Tong, for playing the global loser?
Discussions on drowning islands and climate refugees have made the country famous all over the world.
Photographers and journalists have traveled to Tarawa to report from the climate front --change crisis.
Their visit often peaked at the time of the National king's tide, the highest tide of the year, when the dramatic waves outpaced the pond was the biggest.
Earlier this year, a wave of Wang Chao overturned a shipwreck in Betio, the westernmost island of Tarawa, on the reef and threw it ashore and rushed into the pond.
It stayed there all the time.
The ship has an ironic name: good luck.
There is also a darker irony.
The wreck landed on Red Beach. than-
It is expected that during the Battle of Tarawa in 1943, the tide was stranded in the United States landing boats, resulting in a massacre.
The story of the Pacific climate disaster has brought sympathy and assistance funds to Kirbas and her island neighbors, but if you hear often about environmental disasters, you may think you have no choice but to leave.
There are many topics about immigration now. Should we stay? Shall we go?
Will we be forced to move? If so, where?
No country has opened its doors to climate refugees.
These problems are painful, especially because they have a sense of identity.
The words "land" and "people" are the same in the language of kirizas.
If your land is gone, who are you?
On the contrary, however, Pacific people are known for immigration, after all their ancestors made the whole ocean their home.
In the story of the origin of kiribalti, the creator narou is a spider, I
Since then, the network has been woven in kirizas.
Each family has relatives in New Zealand, Australia, Fiji and beyond, and each immigrant has a silk, consisting of kinship.
Sometimes young people are expected to leave kirimas and old people will stay.
However, some young people choose to live a simple life on the land of their ancestors, rather than pursuing prosperity abroad.
Mannie Rikiaua, a young mother who works in the environment department of kiriba, told me that she would rather work for her own people than serve another country,
She admitted that part of me wanted to go.
But she went on to add that it was as if she had made up her mind again that kirimas was the best place for my son, no matter what the threat was.
She said she was responding to the love and desire of tangjilan Abam
Kirimas is proud of his country.
Tamgillan Abam has culturally maintained the vibrancy of the more distant atoll of the kilibati islands, although their population is decreasing and the Tarawa islands are expanding.
This is still a strong impulse.
I heard the love of the place in the sound of people singing in the lagoon at night.
I saw it in the cheerful dances of the children, which mimic the movements of seabirds.
I heard this from Teburoro Tito's words, and when he met me during the parliamentary session, he said that he was essentially an island boy: I grew out of the soil, sand and coral in this place.
I love these islands and I can't see any other home in the world.
To protect the home from the effects of the hungry ocean, some islanders began planting mangrove forests, where the roots and trunks of the mangrove trees blocked the deposits and stirred up the erosion of the waves.
I picked mature seedlings with some women that hang in the smooth green leaves of mature mangrove trees in a string of things like green beans.
A few days later, we planted them in part of the lagoon and needed additional protection against the king's tides.
This is not much, but there is little other than rebuilding their shores when the waves hit them, and there is nothing else on the island to keep their land.
I think that mangrove forests may be a good national symbol: resilient trees that resist storms and bind the land.
The current symbol is printed on the flag of kirimas, and it is also memorable: eitei, Frigate Bird, chief Bird, dance bird, a high-altitude flyer floating in the wind rather than fighting with it.
But frigates must follow the fish stocks on which they live.
If the fish leave forever, will you still see the split tail of the frigate cutting off the sky of kirimas?
Claire Anterea, a mangrove grower working on the government's climate adaptation program in kirimas, said her people must acknowledge their role in climate change, although it may be small and try to offset it.
"We contribute less, but we still do," she said . ".
We had a lot of Western food.
We like noodles. We like noodles [
Canned corned beef.
Food is produced in a factory that produces gas.
We are all contributing because we want to live in the Western way.
Anteranterea has just completed the construction of a traditional house powered by solar panels.
'If I don't do the right thing myself, I can't talk about climate justice overseas, 'she said.
She believes that even small actions can have a multiplier effect.
We can maintain our islands and live here if we work together.
At Tarawa last night, I wanted to do something to express my solidarity with the neighbors of kirimas.
I am a Pacific Islander, although New Zealand's mountain islands face a different survival threat than the atoll, where most of the land is only a few feet from sea level.
However, as kirimas poet Teweiariki Teaero said, the "blue blood" of Oceania links us together.
There was a power outage and it was not an unusual issue so my two mangroves
Planting friends vasiti tempararee and Tianyi teoah, who run a health spa in the village of temwaiku, suggested that we bring the meal to the airport runway.
It's a tradition that even a fan can't be relieved on a sultry night and the family can't be small-
Had a picnic dinner.
It's always cool there, and the sea breeze blows the sea.
We had grilled fish, rice, fried breadfruit fries and a green coconut.
The airport flashed a flashlight and bathed in soft conversation.
We found a quiet place, had a meal, had a chat, then lay on our back and stared at eel Lie's night sky
The Galaxy is known as the Galaxy.
I wish I could name the constellations like early navigators, and get to know them as intimately as they were family members.
They learn them by looking at the sky as the roof of a conference room, divided by lines of raf and thatched houses into a grid.
The stars rise in one quadrant, cross the roof, and fall in the other quadrant.
Master pilot knows more than 150 stars.
You can put them anywhere in the ocean and they will know where they are. I-
Kirimas may live on small islands, but they do not feel small about their place in the world.
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